What is the Most Refractory Metal in the World?



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What is the Most Refractory Metal in the World?

In the non-ferrous metal family, tungsten has maintained the title of “High-Temperature Champion” for hundreds of years. The first person in the world to discover tungsten was the Swedish chemist Seler. He first decomposed tungstic acid with acid in 1781 to obtain tungsten. Then, after a period of arduous research, pure metal tungsten was produced in 1848.

Tungsten is the most refractory metal with the highest melting point (3380 ℃). In general, metals with a melting point above 1650 ℃ and a certain reserve and metals with a melting point higher than the melting point of zirconium (1852 ℃) are called refractory metals. Typical refractory metals are tungsten, tantalum, molybdenum, niobium, chromium, vanadium, zirconium and titanium. The following video shows the refractory properties of tungsten through an experiment.

As a refractory metal, tungsten has the most important advantages of good high-temperature strength, good corrosion resistance to molten alkali metals and vapors, and oxide volatilization and liquid oxides only when the temperature is above 1000 °C. However, it also has the disadvantage that the plastic-brittle transition temperature is high and it is difficult to plastically process at room temperature. The refractory metal represented by tungsten has been widely used in metallurgy, chemical industry, electronics, light source, machinery industry, and other departments.

The hardness of tungsten is also among the best in metals. Surprisingly, this metal with a high melting point and high hardness have rare plasticity. A 1-kilogram tungsten rod can pull up to more than 300 kilometers of tungsten wire. The filament has a certain strength in a high-temperature environment of 3000 degrees Celsius, and has high luminous efficiency and long service life, and is a good material for manufacturing various bulb filaments. When the incandescent lamp is lit, the temperature of the filament is above 3000 ℃. At this temperature, other metals have already melted into a liquid, or even become a gas, and only tungsten can withstand.

The biggest use of tungsten is to make tungsten steel. Tungsten steel is used to build tools that are several times or even dozens of times stronger than ordinary steel tools. Tungsten steel barrels and barrels can maintain good elasticity and mechanical strength even when the barrel is rubbed by the projectile during continuous shooting.

Advanced Refractory Metals (ARM) supplies high-quality tungsten products to meet our customers’ R&D and production needs. Please visit https://www.refractorymetal.org for more information.

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